Learn More



“Unearthing the Joy in Black History: In Conversation with Luke Reece on 1851: Spirit and Voice” by Aisling Murphy (Intermission Magazine)

Henry & Mary Bibb:

“Henry Bibb” by the Windsor Public Library

[Mary Bibb] “City of Windsor names park after slavery abolitionist, pioneering Black publisher” — CBC News (2021)

Mary Ann Shadd Cary:

“BLACK IN TORONTO: Remembering the ‘phenomenal’ woman who brought gains to all of us – Mary Ann Shadd” — Rosemary Sadlier, Toronto.com (2016)

“Mary Ann Shadd: History” by Adrienne Shadd, Library and Archives Canada (2019)

“Mary Ann Shadd” — The Canadian Encyclopedia, Historica Canada (2020)

“Mary Ann Shadd Cary” — Ontario Heritage Trust

“The Provincial Freeman” — Ontario Heritage Trust

Mary Ann Shadd Mural at Mackenzie House: “Celebrating Mary Ann Shadd, Canada’s First Black Female Newspaper Publisher” by Bill V. (Toronto Public Library)

Frederick Douglass:

“Frederick Douglass” — National Park Service (2021)


The Underground Railroad (Restaurant): “Historicist: The Food Is Soul Good” by Kevin Plummer, Torontoist (2014)

“Toronto Feature: St Lawrence Hall” by James H. Marsh, The Canadian Encyclopedia (2012)

“St Lawrence Hall” by Marjorie Hale, Janet Wright, and Stephen A. Otto, The Canadian Encyclopedia (2006)


“Anti-Slavery Society of Canada” — The Canadian Encyclopedia (2018)

“Black Settlement in Ontario” — Ontario Heritage Trust

“Canada’s slavery secret: The whitewashing of 200 years of enslavement” by Kyle G. Brown, CBC (2019)

“Dawn Settlement” — Ontario Heritage Trust

“The Underground Railroad” — Ontario Heritage Trust


Black Lives Matter Canada

The Black Pledge

Ontario Black History Society

Teaching Resources

Educational Resources – Ontario Black History Society

“Talking about Race” — Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture Digital Exhibitions

“Lesson Plans/Teacher Guides” — Teaching African Canadian History

Digital Exhibitions

Anti-Slavery Movement in Canada by the Library and Archives Canada

Building Toronto: Stories of St. Lawrence Neighbourhood by Heritage Toronto Canada

Coloured Conventions Project: Digital Records
This site features the hundreds of collected documents of the Colored Conventions movement, spanning from the 1830s through the 1890s.

1851 Conference proceedings

Freedom City – “Uncovering Toronto’s Black History” (Toronto Public Library)


“Emancipation Day: Celebrating Freedom in Canada” — Natasha Henry (Dundurn Press, 2010)

“From Midnight to Dawn: The Last Tracks of the Underground Railroad” — Hettie Jones and Jacqueline Tobin (Doubleday Books, 2007)

“My Name Is Henry Bibb: A Story of Slavery and Freedom” — Afua Cooper (Kids Can Press, 2009)

“Steal Away Home: One Woman’s Epic Flight to Freedom – And Her Long Road Back to the South” — Karolyn Smardz Frost (Harper Collins, 2017)

“Underground Railroad, Next Stop, Toronto!” — Adrienne Shadd, Afua Cooper, Karolyn Smardz Frost (Dundurn Press, 2009)

“Until We Are Free: Reflections on Black Lives Matter in Canada” — edited by Rodney Diverlus, Sandy Hudson, and Syrus Marcus Ware (University of Regina Press) and featuring Chapter 19: “Black Lives Matter – Toronto Sit-in at Pride” (p.263-278) by Dr. Naila Keleta-Mae


A Different Booklist (downtown Toronto)
Twitter: @ADFRNTBooklist
IG: @adfrntbooklist

Knowledge Bookstore (Brampton)
Twitter: @Knowledgebooks
IG: @knowledgebookstore

Reading Lists

Abolitionist Reading List by Haymarket Books

Black Lives Matter: A Booklist by Toronto Public Libraries

Historical Newspapers

Frederick Douglass Newspapers, 1847 – 1874 at Library of Congress

INK ODW Newspaper Collection

— The Provincial Freeman (Editor: Mary Ann Shadd)
— Voice of the Fugitive (Editor: Henry and Mary Bibb)